Division is often a difficult subject to teach among the 4 basic operations. Students always face the problem that they do not understand the concept of division.

Hence, to make it easier, teacher should make the connection between multiplication and division so that students are not just memorizing facts or steps, but they understand the process and concepts.

1.
Write
on the board a fact family for addition and subtraction. For example, you could
write 4+6=10, 6+4=10, 10-6=4, 10-4=6. Tell students there are also fact
families for multiplication and division. Multiplication and division go
together, just like addition and subtraction do. Show them a multiplication and
division fact family such as 2 x3 = 6, 3 x2 =6, 6/2=3, 6/3=2. Explain to them
that it is time to start learning about division.

2.
Start
with a real-world problem such as: "I have eight kids who want to play
volleyball. I need two teams of equal players. How many will be on each team?
How should I 'divide' them up?" Discuss the problem with your students,
then show them the equation on the board for this problem: 8/2=4. You can also
draw a picture of something like twelve cupcakes and four friends, and show how
the problem 12/4=3 cupcakes for each person.

3.
Show
the fact family to go with the real-world problems and equations you discussed
in Step 2. Once they understand what division means, you can show them how to
figure out the answer quickly. For example, if students know that 4x3 =12, then
they can see the relationship between 12/4=3 and the multiplication problem.
Give students a problem such as 20/4=?, and then ask students to solve this
problem to find the quotient: 4x?= 20. Explain that whatever numeral replaces
the ? in the equation (in this case 5) is the answer to the division problem.

4.
Discuss
how some division problems will not always have a whole number for the answer.
For example, give your students a realistic problem such as, "I have 22
cookies and 5 cookies can fit in each box. How many full boxes will I have, and
how many left over cookies?" Then show the equation 22/5=?. Work on the
problem together with illustrations or even manipulative until students figure
out the answer 4 boxes with 2 cookies left over or 4 R 2. Again, make sure
students understand what the R stands for (remainder) and what remainder means.
It is important for students to make connections with multiplication and
real-life applications when learning division.

Read more: How to Teach Division | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/how_4585955_teach-division.html#ixzz2CocgtG3K

Easy to learn.

ReplyDeletetq 4 ur support

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