Multiplication is repeated addition, and it is like jumps on the number line.
5 × 4 = 20. Five jumps of 4 gets you to 20.

Division is repeated subtraction. You make jumps of four backwards from 20 till you hit 0:
20 ÷ 4 = 5. 20 − 4 − 4 − 4 − 4 − 4 = 0
Five jumps of 4 gets you from 20 till 0. 
What division is illustrated here? 
2. Draw jumps backwards to illustrate the division sentences.
30 ÷ 5 = 
28 ÷ 4 = 
42 ÷ 6 = 
4. Solve using repeated subtraction OR adding up to the number being divided.
40 ÷ 20 = __
90 ÷ 30 = __
30 ÷ 15 = __

52 ÷ 13 = __
34 ÷ 17 = __
69 ÷ 23 = __

45 ÷ 15 = __
90 ÷ 15 = __
90 ÷ 18 = __

5. If 12 × 2 = 24, then 13 × 2 is __ How about division? Use the previous problem to help you solve the next one.
a.
24 ÷ 2 = __
26 ÷ 2 = __
28 ÷ 2 = __
30 ÷ 2 = __

d.
60 ÷ 2 = __
66 ÷ 2 = __
70 ÷ 2 = __
78 ÷ 2 = __

6. Try the same kind of thing when dividing by 3.
a.
30 ÷ 3 = __
36 ÷ 3 = __
39 ÷ 3 = __

d.
81 ÷ 3 = __
90 ÷ 3 = __
99 ÷ 3 = __

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