·

**Step 1: Concrete**
o I would start simple. Give the child 4
marbles and 2 cups. Tell the child that he is supposed to SHARE the marbles
between the 2 cups. Ask him to place the marbles into each cup one at a time in
alternates.

o After this has been done, ask the child to
tell you how many marbles are there in each cup. The answer would be 2 in each
cup.

o Tell the child what they have done. The
concept of SHARING is actually DIVISION.

o One point to highlight to the child would be
that after SHARING/DIVIDING, the resultant or answer would be smaller than the
number you start with.

o Let the child experience a few rounds of this
hands-on or concrete activity until they get used to it.

o ** Extension - In this step you could give
the child 5 marbles and ask him to SHARE them with 2 cups. What is left would
be the REMAINDER. Explain the concept of remainder.

·

**Step 2 : Pictorial**
o For this step, the aim is to transfer the
hands-on division onto paper. You can start by drawing 4 boxes and thell the
child that they need to color these boxes. They need to share/divide the boxes
into 2 colors.

o Give them 2 different color pencils and asked
them to color one box at a time with one color.

o Ask them, how many boxes were in one color.
The resultant and answer would give the pictorial representation of the answer.

o This step can be extended in may ways. It is
up to your creativity. I am using boxes as it is similar to the over-used model
approached. You can also used lines, circles, cartoon characters and what not
in order to keep the interest of the child.

o Again, keep repeating this step until they
are comfortable with it. Remember to introduce the concept of remainder.

·

**Step 3 : Abstract**
o This is the final step. At this stage, the
concept of division should have set in in terms of cognitive understanding from
the Concrete and Pictorial activities.

o In this step, we make use of numbers like in
a proper question. The child can make use of the PICTORIAL experience and
understanding as their working - which again brings us back to model approach.

o The goal in this step would be to create the
number bond awareness from their multiplication concept.

## No comments:

## Post a Comment